Types of shots

EWS – Extreme Wide Shot

This shot is used as an establishing shot at the beginning of a film. Many films use shots from above buildings from a quad-copter or helicopter.

VWS – Very Wide Shot

This type of shot has the subject in the frame but small like a person at the end of an alley and the camera shoots them from the other end 30ft away.

WS – Wide Shot

This type of shot has the entire subject in the frame. Could be used to view a full room.

MS – Mid-Shot

This type of shot has about half of the subject in the frame. If a person is standing up, a mid-shot of him/her would be just above the elbows to the top of the head.

MCU – Medium Close-Up

This type of shot is a bit closer than a mid-shot. If you are shooting a person, this shot is from the chest to the top of the head.

CU – Close-Up

This type of shot shows just the head of the subject. The head fills the whole frame. Never cut off the chin, it is okay to cut off the top of the head .

ECU – Extreme Close-Up

This type of shot shows just the head of the subject but just a little closer than a close-up. The head fills the whole frame. It is okay to cut off the top of the head, but you never want to cut off the chin.

CA – Cutaway

This type of shot does not show the action. If there is a fight, this shot shows someone walking away from the fight instead of showing the fight itself.

CI – Cut-In

This type of shot shows part of the subject as a close-up. When shooting a person, this could be a hand shaking or a foot tapping.

Two-Shot

Just a shot of two subjects.

OSS – Over the Shoulder Shot

This shot is also called the Cross-Shot. This shot shows a subject with a second subject on the side of the frame extremely close, usually blured. This shot is usually used to show a conversation and is used with a two-shot.

POV – Point Of View

This shot is from the view of another subject. Could be used to show what a cat or other animal sees, keeping the camera at a cat’s eye level and moving it like a cat walks.

Pan

This is a horizontal camera motion. This shot is typically used to reveal subjects.

Tilt

This is a vertical camera motion. Like the pan, this shot is also typically used to reveal subjects.

Dolly

This is a shot where the camera is mounted  on a taller device like a tripod on a track or wheels. This is used to get action shots . Sometimes the camera is mounted to a car to show another car in a race or chase scene. This shot is moving in and out of a subject. You can use a camera slider for this if you would like a lower shot.

Tracking

This is the same as a dolly shot but moving left and right. Like the dolly shot, you can use a slider for lower shots.